The international aid organisation OXFAM said yesterday that over 330,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) were in danger of epidemic in the northeast of Nigeria due to a lack of portable water and poor and sanitation. OXFAM Nigeria’s humanitarian manager Olayinka Fagbemi said his organisation had carried out an assessment of Boko Haram IDPs in four northern states. He called on the Nigerian government and development partners to move quickly and save the situation affecting Adamawa, Borno, Gombe and Yobe states.
“The objective of the assessment was to gain systematic and representative information of the economic situation of the local population, of returnees and IDPs settled with host communities and to present a comparative analysis between the affected populations in Adamawa, Borno, Gombe and Yobe states,” he said. “In these states 330,000 households were covered with eight supervisors, three focal persons and 28 enumerators on the field.” “It is important for non-governmental organisations to take into consideration about the diversity of needs of IDPs in the states affected by Boko Haram insurgency and carry out detailed assessment when they go for support of the affected people.” Share on Facebook Share on Twitter IDPs face major challenges and exploitation Fagbemi said water and sanitation are critical for reconstruction as many IDP camps are overrun with excreta, with 55% of households lacking basic hygiene facilities and knowledge. “The majority of households in the assessed LGAs are in dire need of improved sources of drinking water. Individuals with high chronic illnesses, such as asthma, diabetes, cancer, liver cirrhosis, HIV, tuberculosis, were present in 23% of the households assessed. “In general, Nafada with 49% has the highest case of open defecation by children followed by Potiskum with 31%, Fika with 30% while Maiha with 21% and Konduga with 6% have the lowest.”